Bark and Trunk (similar in both buckthorn species) Don't worry about the small seedlings (see picture below) if you still have larger buckthorn around. - inner bark is yellow. It has hairless twigs and, in the winter, dark scales may be found on the buds. The flowers of buckthorn are tiny and pale green, located in the bases of the leaves. 0000038219 00000 n It is often multi-stemmed. Smooth, dark glossy, margins are not toothed. Severely Invasive. 0000006016 00000 n Frangula Bark, Glossy Buckthorn, Alder Buckthorn, Fernleaf Buckthorn, Tallhedge Buckthorn, Alder Dogwood, Black Dogwood, Arraclán, Arrow Wood, Black Alder Tree, Aulne Noir, Black Dogwood, Bois Noir and Bois à Poudre is a woody shrub or small tree of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), native to western Asia, Europe, and northern Africa. A tall shrub or small tree, buckthorn can grow 20 to 25 feet tall and up to 10 inches in diameter. 0000065784 00000 n U. S. Distribution: Northeast through the Midwest. Cut bark or branch exposes yellow-orange inner bark. 0000064350 00000 n Common buckthorn has thorns but glossy buckthorn does not. Mostly sub-opposite, sometimes alternate. Native Range: Europe and Asia. Seeds are viable for 2 to 3 years in the soil. Glossy buckthorn was imported from Europe in the early 1900s as a landscape shrub. Cut bark or branch exposes yellow-orange inner bark. The deciduous leaves remain into late Fall, turning a light green or yellow color that stands out in the forest understory. Berries have a laxative effect on birds, which aids in seed dispersal. Winter buds lack scales and are rust-colored. However, please be sure that you're pulling up the right plant, as it can resemble native Alder buckthorn is a non-spiny deciduous shrub, growing to 3–6 m (10–20 ft), occasionally to 7 m (23 ft) tall. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Gray to brown bark with prominent light-colored lenticels. CP°¢Ìg*RŒ‚ÂÆæPÕlp6CZ:�Ó�áY Œ“â1 ­Äº`µÊüÌQlSDv¨*è$€$|ê8„0˜8´;H4®fşÅâÂõ`ı%¥Ş.ÁçŠ&Œ‹n(«v. I was right in the sense that it wasn't as bad tasting but it didn't give me the results I needed either. 41 0 obj <> endobj Finally, I thank John Sprague for his consistent encouragement and care. tall hedge buckthorn . %PDF-1.5 %âãÏÓ Brown bark with elongate silvery corky projections (Caution: native plums or cherries have a similar bark).Branches: Buds and leaves are alternate. Leaves are also alternate along branches, entire (smooth edges) to obscurely crenulate (leaf edges have small, rounded teeth) (Whitcomb, 1985; Magee and Ahles, 2007). Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus). Invasive.org- Glossy buckthorn Alder Dogwood, Arraclán, Arrow Wood, Aulne Noir, Black Dogwood, Bois Noir, Bois à Poudre, Bourdaine, Bourgène, Buckthorn, Buckthorn Bark, Coudrier Noir, Dog Wood, Frángula, Frangula, Frangula Alnus, Frangula Bark, Frangulae Cortex, Frangule, Glossy Buckthorn, Nerprun Bourdaine, Nerprun Noir, Rhamnus Frangula, Rhubarbe des Paysans. TABLE OF CONTENTS . Often found in wetlands like prairie fens, as well as along fence rows, roadsides, open woods, and in pastures. trailer If you think it looks like buckthorn, it probably is. The shoots are dark brown, the winter buds without bud scales, protected only by the densely hairy outer leaves. The bark is gray to brown with prominent, dark, eye-shaped pores called lenticels, becoming roughened with age. 0000047495 00000 n Common buckthorn often resembles the bark of plum and cherry trees. There are 3 to 5 pairs of curved veins and they are 1.5 to 3 Inches long. However, it taste horrible so I decided to get it in the bark form and hoped that it won't taste as bad. BUCKTHORN BARK C/S; Product Name: BUCKTHORN BARK C/S Botanic Name: Rhamnus Frangula. Glossy Buckthorn Frangula alnus. Distinctive orange inner bark; Habitat: While glossy buckthorn can tolerate shade, it prefers sunlight in moist soils. Buckthorn "thorn" New branch sprouting from bud. We’ll talk about dosage and potential side effects later in the article. 0000059772 00000 n xref Glossy buckthorn has gray-brown bark and lightly-colored lenticels giving the bark a speckled appearance. <]/Prev 261549>> Common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) and glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) are two common species in the Midwest that can quickly dominate the forest floor with their dense thickets of growth. However, Carolina buckthorn’s range is more southern in the Midwest and it is not found in the Great Lakes region. General Description: Glossy buckthorn is a single stem or at times, multiple stem shrub or small tree that can grow up to approximately 20 feet (McClain, 1996). Aquatic invasive species detector program. General Appearance. The fruits begin light colored, then transition to red and then to black as they ripen. When cut, the inner bark is yellow and the heartwood is orange. Twigs often end in stout thorns. Appearance: Tall understory shrub or small tree, grows up to 20' high, has a spreading loosely branched crown, often multiple stems at the base. Flowers contain both male and female parts, so all shrubs can fruit. One of the most important steps in removing buckthorn is figuring out whether or not you have it on your property! Both types can grow to more than 10 feet tall as a large shrub or small tree. A columnar variety of glossy buckthorn has also been developed. Habitats include forested bogs, shrub bogs, fens, willow thickets, sedge meadows, moist sandy savannas, riverbanks and borders of ponds, swamps, powerline clearances in moist sandy areas, roadside ditches, and waste areas. tall hedge buckthorn. Glossy buckthorn trees are hermaphro-ditic (the flowers have both male and female parts), and common buckthorn is dioecious (separate male and female plants). It's a lot less work to pull out a seedling than to cut down a mature buckthorn! 2) Bark is gray and mature trees develop scales that flake away, revealing a reddish brown or orange inner bark. The bark on older branches is a blotchy grayish- brown with prominent light raised areas. alder buckthorn . The creamy-green flowers are 5- petaled. 0000051046 00000 n 0000001645 00000 n Glossy buckthorn has naked, hairy buds. Glossy buckthorn leaves – 5457314, Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut. Common Buckthorn often grows as a mid-size (height) tree. 1 LB : $22.00. The species arrived in Minnesota from Europe in the 1850’s and was planted as an ornamental plant typically used in hedges. fen buckthorn . Leaves are 1-3 inches long, shiny dark green above, oval-shaped and slightly wavy. Popular cultivars of it had narrow, columnar forms or fine feathery foliage with names like Tallhedge Buckthorn and Fernleaf Buckthorn. Glossy Buckthorn Frangula alnus. Often sub-opposite (almost opposite), sometimes alternate. 0000041476 00000 n Buds are found in pairs at the end of branches, are covered in dark scales, and resemble a hoof. Buds lack scales are hairy and found at the end of branches. 2020 Glossy buckthorn / Frangula alnus Mill / is a type of shrub or tree with a height of up to 19.5 ft (6 meters) and a shiny grey-brown bark. It can be single- or multi-stemmed. It is illegal to import, sell, or transplant buckthorn in Minnesota." Gray to brown bark with prominent light-colored lenticels. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. 0000002109 00000 n 0000031501 00000 n The leaves are ellipsoidal, whole, and tapered and shiny at the ends. Common buckthorn has brown to silver bark that is shiny when young and dark grey to black and scaly when mature. Glossy buckthorn / Frangula alnus Mill / is a type of shrub or tree with a height of up to 19.5 ft (6 meters) and a shiny grey-brown bark. Twigs often end in sharp spines that are 1 / 5 – 9 / 10 ” long. Leaves are glossy or shiny on top and have a dull green underside. startxref buckthorn bark to graphic design. Buckthorn Look-a-Like: Black Cherry. The buckthorn bark must be a mature plant before consuming it, grown for at least a year to two years, and dried for at least one year before use, as fresh buckthorn bark can induce vomiting. Glossy buckthorn is a non-native tree that was introduced to Canada from Eurasia approximately 100 years ago. Plants flower from May to June. 0 0000008135 00000 n Glossy buckthorn has naked, hairy buds. The bark is dark blackish-brown, with bright lemon-yellow inner bark exposed if cut. glossy buckthorn . 0000029774 00000 n Common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) and glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) are two common species in the Midwest that can quickly dominate the forest floor with their dense thickets of growth. Glossy Buckthorn (wet areas) Similar to Common Buckthorn, leaves extremely glossy with deep veins and leaf margin is smooth, without teeth Glossy leaves with deep, prominent leaf veins. Common buckthorn has brown bark and has elongate silvery corky projections. Glossy buckthorn was imported from Europe in the early 1900s as a landscape shrub. Once used for landscaping, this tree has now become an invasive species. Dense stands crowd out native vegetation. 0000032359 00000 n Both species have prominent lenticles, yellow sapwood, and pinkish orange heartwood. The species arrived in Minnesota from Europe in the 1850’s and was planted as an ornamental plant typically used in hedges. Invasive Species Identification Sheet - Glossy Buckthorn Glossy Buckthorn (Frangula alnus Mill.) I§��Ū9Z\:UxWß]ò3X†`•(âÔ0:c¢Üï ¥šz#%°]簓¤楡×ÒvµBe5¯FºÉlæåhòâ›9ë•Hâ •§ .ôÙ2¤u‰$Ù*ÎÙ2ä 5&Îz%v°İâ#Ä(WE‘ĞÖk™ÓîÀm­èèèh€²ÍaÌ Product Information; Usage/Ingredients; Product Specifications; Product Reviews (0) Rhamnus frangula (commonly referred to as Glossy Buckthorn, Alder Buckthorn, Breaking Buckthorn and Black Dogwood) is a tall deciduous shrub native … Please help to slow the spread of this plant by pulling it up whenever you see it. hŞb```b``¹ÌÀÆÀÀö—A�X�¢,S. Leaves are 1-3 inches long, shiny dark green above, oval-shaped and slightly wavy. It grows in shade but does best in sun. This species was introduced to North America as an ornamental shrub and used for living fence rows and wildlife habitat. The sapwood, just below the outer bark, is yellow and the heartwood is pinkish to orange. They produce pea-sized fruits that depending on the species change colors as they ripen […] bark resembles cherry or plum bark; it is gray to blackish-brown, and smooth, becoming roughened, with prominent, light-colored, horizontal lenticels. Usually multi-stemmed, buckthorn occasionally forms into a small tree with very dark bark. Buckthorn, also referred to as black alder, is an herb that comes from the bark of the stems and branches of the rhamnus frangula tree. Foliage. Stay green late into fall. For constipation: the typical dose of alder buckthorn is 0.5-2.5 grams of the dried bark. Stem injections, basal bark and cut-stem treatments work better on mature plants and can be applied during the late fall when glossy buckthorn is easy to identify (green leaves are still on the plants after other trees are bare) and other forest understory or wetland plants have gone dormant. But when you have the big stuff under control, you will want to keep an eye out for any seedlings that try to come back. Glossy Buckthorn has no spines or thorns. Buckthorn bark is made from the European buckthorn shrub and rhamnus frangula tree, which is native to Europe 1, the western part of Asia and the Middle East.It has been used for medicinal purposes since at the 1600s, mainly as a laxative to treat constipation and other issues that may arise as a result of this condition, such as hemorrhoids and irritation. Leaves and Berries. 0000020826 00000 n The developing maple key wings are visible among the flowers. 0000025444 00000 n Many people in these places consider Glossy Buckthorn trees to be bad or invasive and they seek removal of the trees. 114 g : $8.80. Leaves: Simple, alternate, elliptical, 2-4" long, and sometimes glossy. 0000004541 00000 n 0000001136 00000 n 2019 Status in Maine: Widespread. Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus) General description: Tall understory shrub or small tree grows up to 20’ tall, often with several stems arising from the base, and spreading crown. (Source: MN DNR) For comparison purposes, I will highlight leaf shape, color and arrangement, bud, bark, flower and fruit for these Buckthorns and their native look alikes. Sub-opposite leaf arrangement. Rhamnus frangula . Dense stands crowd out native vegetation. The leaves on common buckthorn are dark green egg-shaped, pointed tips, and tiny teeth along the edges. Since then it has spread aggressively throughout southern Ontario and in other provinces. This plant and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The purple-black fruits ripen from July to September. Lacks thorns unlike common buckthorn. Take only the amount of bark needed to produce a soft stool. Glossy buckthorn has shiny alternate leaves, but no thorns, despite its name. Common buckthorn has gray-brown bark that becomes flaky and darker gray-black as the plant ages. The bark is aged for up to a year or heat-treated because consuming untreated fresh buckthorn irritates the protective mucosa lining in the stomach and can cause severe gastrointestinal irritations, spasms, vomiting, diarrhea and colic. bark resembles cherry or plum bark; it is gray to blackish-brown, and smooth, becoming roughened, with prominent, light-colored, horizontal lenticels. 0000003263 00000 n 0000008443 00000 n glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Mill. BUCKTHORN BARK C/S. Frangula alnus, commonly known as alder buckthorn, glossy buckthorn, or breaking buckthorn, is a tall deciduous shrub in the family Rhamnaceae.Unlike other "buckthorns", alder buckthorn does not have thorns. Small infestations of young plants can be pulled effectively by hand. Both common and glossy buckthorn have closely-spaced, prominent leaf scars that give twigs a warty or bumpy silhouette. The twigs lack the terminal spine that is typical on common buckthorn twigs. Leaves: Simple, alternate, elliptical, 2-4" long, and sometimes glossy. Common Buckthorn Glossy Buckthorn DESCRIPTION Plant habit. The leaves of Carolina buckthorn are larger – often up to 5” in length – and its flower stems are hairy, while the flower stems of glossy buckthorns are hairless (Hilty). Bark. It can grow as tall as seven metres. Clustered in leaf axils along the stem and ripen progressively from a distinctive red to a dark purple in August and September. Bark. Buckthorn may refer to one of two different species found in Minnesota: Common (or European) buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) or glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus). Legal Classification in WI: Restricted Leaves: Ovate or elliptic, with prominent veins curving toward tip. Glossy buckthorn isbecoming more widespread throughout New Hampshire being spread mainly by frugivorous birds and small mammals. The flowers of buckthorn are … The bark and leaves of the Alder Buckthorn yield a yellow dye much used in Russia; when mixed with salts of iron it turns black. Despite name, lacks thorns. This plant and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Older branches have darker bark. 0000007591 00000 n The twigs lack the terminal spine that is typical on common buckthorn twigs. glossy buckthorn. It can grow up to about 20 feet tall. I am grateful to the Clare Boothe Luce Foundation, Dr. Martha Hoopes, Harvard Forest, and the Mount Holyoke College Department of Biological Sciences for funding this project. 0000029739 00000 n Leaf edged with small teeth Leaves almost directly across from Common Buckthorn berries Glossy Buckthorn berries . Brown or gray in color, often with scattered short, horizontal, light-colored lines called lenticels. The plant is poisonous to humans, but the bark is safe as long as it’s cured by aging and drying. 2019 Status in Maine: Widespread. The leaves are ellipsoidal, whole, and tapered and shiny at the ends. Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia)- Alder Buckthorn is significantly shorter than it’s invasive relatives, standing less than 3 feet tall. Today, both species are listed as restricted noxious weeds in Minnesota. Glossy buckthorn trends more toward occupying wet meadows and swamps as well as nutrient-poor sites. This species is Introduced in the United States. Buckthorn Bark. No thorn at tip of twig. 0000011670 00000 n It was not widely disseminated in the nursery trade in Minnesota until the mid to late 70s. Older branches have darker bark. Buds lack scales, are hairy, and are found at the end of branches. Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus) General description: Tall understory shrub or small tree grows up to 20’ tall, often with several stems arising from the base, and spreading crown. Brown or gray in color, often with scattered short, horizontal, light-colored lines called lenticels. The compounds in the bark, called anthraquinones 2, work by increasing the colon’s ability to contract and reducing water absorption … It can often completely displace forest understory habitat. 0000008826 00000 n %%EOF What is Alder Buckthorn? Those who are interested in using this herbal remedy are advised that the taste of the bark is sweet and slightly bitter. Glossy buckthorn is very similar in appearance to the U.S. native Carolina buckthorn (F. caroliniana). Plants flower from May to June. Leaf. Description: Perennial, deciduous, shrub or small tree, often multi-stemmed, can be single-trunked, to ~20' tall. (Caution: native plums and cherries have a similar bark). Glossy buckthorn leaves in alternate arrangement- 1539069, James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service Information Credits. columnar buckthorn . 0000006469 00000 n Identification: Glossy buckthorn is an upright, spreading shrub or small tree that grows up to 23’ tall. 4) Terminal bud is 6-8 mm long and its twigs are hairless, with green or brown pores. Common buckthorn is most frequently dioecious, meaning that male and female flowers usually occur on different plants. The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources provides detailed recommendations for reporting invasive species. The greatest negative affect of both glossy and common buckthorns is their production anthroquinone, a metabolite occurring in the fruit, bark, and roots. 0000004282 00000 n Young twigs are green but turn grey-brown with age and do not bear spines. The berries on the tree shouldn’t be consumed at all. Its bark is gray to brown with white lenticels. Glossy buckthorn leafs out early and retains leaves late, creating dense shade. 0000000016 00000 n 0000046061 00000 n Glossy buckthorn, native to Europe and Asia, is a highly invasive perennial understory shrub or a small tree that can reach heights of 15 - 20 feet and 10 inches in diameter. It was introduced to North America in the 1880s as an ornamental shrub and was widely planted for fencerows and windbreaks in agricultural fields. Otherwise, it acts as an irritant poison. Glossy Buckthorn was introduced into North America as an ornamental shrub, and to improve habitat for wildlife. Identifying buckthorn is pretty easy. Inconspicuous, small, 5-petaled, yellowish flowers appear in May or June, clustered in leaf axils. Buckthorn Bark comes from the rhamnus frangula tree’s stems and branches and is used as an herbal remedy for bowel disorders and painful anal fissure. focus will be on Common Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) with Glossy Buckthorn information included where necessary. There are two species of buckthorn in the area and this page will go through how to identify them at different stages of growth. 0000004317 00000 n Glossy and Common Buckthorn Glossy & Common Buckthorn ( Frangula alnus, Rhamnus cathartica) are small trees or shrubs native to Eurasia. 0000002565 00000 n Buckthorn may refer to one of two different species found in Minnesota: Common (or European) buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) or glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus). Since berries are essentially the only portion of the © 41 42 It produces small, greenish-yellow, four-petaled flowers in May and June, which produce pea-sized fruits in the late summer. It is illegal to import, sell or transport buckthorn in Minnesota. I use buckthorn bark for its laxative properties. Angela Gupta, Extension educator; Amy Rager, Extension educator; Megan M. Weber, Extension educator. Page . The bark is aged for up to a year or heat-treated because consuming untreated fresh buckthorn irritates the protective mucosa lining in the stomach and can cause severe gastrointestinal irritations, spasms, vomiting, diarrhea and colic. 82 0 obj <>stream Popular cultivars of it had narrow, columnar forms or fine feathery foliage with names like Tallhedge Buckthorn and Fernleaf Buckthorn. Regents of the University of Minnesota. 0000004430 00000 n 0000001546 00000 n Height: Common Buckthorn is a woody plant that ranges in size from a shrub to small tree; reaching heights of 6 - 7 m. Old and large tree specimens can have trunks up to 25 cm in diameter. Glossy Buckthorn (Frangula alnus) Benefits. Overview Other names for this plant include: Common names: alder buckthorn, European alder buckthorn, tall hedge buckthorn, columnar buckthorn; Scientific names: Rhamnus frangula; Ecological threat: Invades wetlands including acidic bogs, calcareous fens and sedge meadows. All rights reserved. Glossy buckthorn should be reported. LEAF. Since its introduction, it has spread aggressively across most of the northeast and upper Midwest and has become a serious threat to the degra… I has the powder kind before and it worked great. Alder buckthorn is also taken as a tea. Buckthorn bark is typically used as a laxative to alleviate constipation and any sub-issues that arise from this condition. Cut bark or branch exposes yellow-orange inner bark. Control. Glossy buckthorn has gray to brown lenticels and lacks thorns. The bark is gray to brown with white lenticels. Glossy buckthorn leafs out early and retains leaves late, creating dense shade. Glossy buckthorn bark- 5457292, Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut. Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus) is a deciduous shrub that grows along the edges of forests and in some open fields. It is illegal to import, sell or transport buckthorn in Minnesota. For more information on control techniques, visit the Glossy buckthorn factsheet [exit DNR] by University of Wisconsin-Extension. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. "European or Common Buckthorn and Glossy Buckthorn or Alder Buckthorn are listed as restricted noxious weeds in Minnesota. Once they fill these gaps with their dense, low canopy, other vegetation is shaded out. Glossy buckthorn has gray-brown bark and lightly-colored lenticels giving the bark a speckled appearance. Glossy buckthorn is a Restricted noxious weed. This species produces leaves early in the spring and keeps its leaves late into the fall. 3) Greenish flowers in clusters up to 13 cm long emerge in the spring after the leaves. 0000057809 00000 n A tall shrub or small tree, buckthorn can grow 20 to 25 feet tall and up to 10 inches in diameter. I am glad the rigors of completing this project did not disrupt our mutualism. Description: Perennial, deciduous, shrub or small tree, often multi-stemmed, can be single-trunked, to ~20' tall. tall hedge buckthorn . Cutting the bark exposes yellow sapwood and orange heartwood. Older bark of Bark/Stems: Glossy buckthorn stems are greenish, often with tiny, soft fine hairs. A columnar variety of glossy buckthorn has also been developed. 0000014627 00000 n Severely Invasive. The bark on both glossy and common buckthorn is grey to brown with silver or white lenticels or projections. It was not widely disseminated in the nursery trade in Minnesota until the mid to late 70s. Common buckthorn (also known as European buckthorn) is a small shrub or tree native to Eurasia. It is commercially available as an alternative health supplement in the form of dried extract powder capsule, tablet, or tea. 0000005254 00000 n The berries, when unripe, afford a good green colour, readily taken by woollen stuffs; when ripe, they give various shades of blue and grey. 0000005928 00000 n The creamy-green flowers are 5-petaled. Glossy buckthorn is a Restricted noxious weed. Bark and Trunk (similar in both buckthorn species) - Seedlings – Don’t worry about the small seedlings if you still have larger buckthorn around. Chemical: Cut-stump treatment with glyphosate in late fall; cut-stump or basal bark spray treatment around the stem with triclopyr ester in late fall through the winter. Notes: Glossy Buckthorn is a very invasive alien plant, originally from Europe. Both types can grow to more than 10 feet tall as a large shrub or small tree. Buckthorns, though prolific seeders, are not difficult to control individually. It is particularly invasive at wetland margins or on limey soils. The dark green leaves are shiny, alternate (sometime opposite) and simple with prominent venation. The inner bark is orange and seen when the plant is cut. Common Buckthorn Glossy Buckthorn DESCRIPTION Plant habit. 0000007129 00000 n It is native to Europe, central Asia, and northern Africa. The sale, transport, or … Common Buckthorn berries Glossy Buckthorn berries . Frangula alnus is a large shrub or small tree that can grow to heights of 30 ft. (9.1 m). Older bark of 0000004639 00000 n States Counties Points List Species Info. Brown bark with elongated silvery cork-like projections. Qty Add to Cart. glossy buckthorn . The wood is fairly brittle, so it is easy to break up even a large one. Glossy buckthorn has gray to brown bark with elongated lenticels lighter than the bark. Branches contain buds and leaves that are mostly opposite or sub-opposite and terminate in small sharp thorns (up to ¼ inch in length). The bark becomes rough textured with corky projections when the trees mature. 0000011978 00000 n Despite name, lacks thorns. Appearance. Though members of the species are usually close in width and height, certain cultivated varieties are narrow and columnar in shape. (Caution: native plums and cherries have a similar bark). 0000054378 00000 n It is usually multistemmed, but rarely forms a small tree with a trunk diameter of up to 20 cm (8 in). However, the leaves, bark, flowers, and fruit are very similar between Common, Glossy… 0000007045 00000 n But when you have the big stuff under control, you will want to keep an eye out for any seedlings that try to come back. Branches. Native plums and cherries have similar bark. Both common and glossy buckthorn have closely-spaced, prominent leaf scars that give twigs a warty or bumpy silhouette. 0000003892 00000 n It also grows well in a variety of upland habitats and tolerates …